The First Labor of Heracles: The Nemean Lion

The First Labor of Heracles: The Nemean Lion

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The First Labor of Heracles: The Nemean Lion

Summary:

As punishment for slaughtering his own wife and children, Hercules had to complete 12 labors. His first labor was to bring Eurysthrus the skin of an invulnerable lion that terrorizes the hills around Nemea. Hercules strangled the lion to death and sacrificed himself and a friend named Molorchus. After discovering the death of the lion, Eurystheus became afraid of Hercules and sent him his commands to forbid him from entering through the gates of the city.

What is the task?

The task is to bring King Eurystheus the skin of an invulnerable lion that terrorizes the hills around Nemea.

What town and who did Hercules stay with?

Hercules stayed with a poor workman for hire, Molorchus, in a town called Cleonae.

What did Molorchus offer?

Molorchus offered to sacrifice an animal to pray for a safe lion hunt.

What did Hercules tell Molorchus?

Molorchus will wait 30 days, if Hercules returned then they would sacrifice to Zeus, however, if Hercules died, Molorchus will sacrifice instead to Hercules.

Where did Hercules lead the lion?

Hercules leads the lion into a cave with two entrance, one which Hercules blocked.

How did the lion die?

Hercules grasps the lion in his mighty arms and choked the lion to death.

How did King Eurystheus react to Hercules completing the labor?

King Eurystheus became afraid of Hercules and forbid him from entering through the gates of the city.

What did King Eurystheus have?

Eurystheus had a large bronze jar made and buried partway in the earth, where he can hide from Hercules if he needed to.

What did King Eurysthe send?

King Eurystheus sent his commands to Hercules through a herald, because he refused to see Hercules face to face.

Sources: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Herakles/lion.html

The 2nd Labor of Heracles: The Lernean Hydra

The 2nd Labor of Heracles: The Lernean Hydra

The Lernean Hydra

The Lernean Hydra By Rafael Jimenez Period 6, Franklin HS Throwback Introduction Hera has been trying to kill Hercules and had another plan on how to kill him. It would take some time though because she didn’t want Zeus to find out that she had killed his own son. Hera went to Hercules and then messed with his mind and when he saw his wife, he bashed her head in. Then when he saw his children, he bashed their heads in too. Hercules had prayed to the god Apollo for guidance, and the god’s oracle told him he would have to serve Eurystheus for twelve years, in punishment for the murders of his own family. As part of his punishments, he had to perform twelve labors, that were so difficult that they seemed impossible.

 

The Labor I Chose The second labor of Hercules was to kill the Lernean Hydra. From the waters of the swamps near a place called Lerna, the hydra would rise up and torment the countryside. A huge serpent with nine heads it attacks with poisonous venom. This beast wasn’t easy, for one of the nine heads was immortal and indestructible. First, Hercules attracted the creature from its den by shooting flaming arrows at it. Once the hydra came out, Hercules went at it. The hydra was not easily killed, it wounded one of its coils around Hercules’ foot and made it impossible for him to get out.

With his club, he attacked the heads of the hydra but right when he smashed one head, two more would bust out open and a fourth one in its place. The hydra had a friend of its own, a huge crab began biting the trapped foot of Hercules. Quickly trying to kill it with a hit of his club. Hercules called on Iolaus to help him out of this. Each time Hercules hit one of the hydra’s heads, Iolaus held the torch to the headless tendons of the neck. This prevented the growth of other heads and finally, Hercules had the chance to get out. Once he destroyed the eight mortal heads Hercules chopped off the ninth which was the immortal head. Then he buried it at the side of the road leading from Lerna to Elaeus and he covered it with a heavy rock. As for the rest of the headless hydra, Hercules slit opens the body and dipped his arrows in the venomous blood. When he came back the guy Eurystheus was not impressed with Hercules defeating the hydra. He said that since Iolaus had helped him, this labor should not count as one of the ten. Even though this didn’t seem to matter much to anyone else the authors still gave him all of the credit.

Fifth Labor: The Augean Stables

Fifth Labor: The Augean Stables

Hercules 5th Labor

The Augean Stables Hercules Cleans Up

The 5th Labor of Hercules is about The Augean Stables Hercules Cleans Up. This topic starts off with Eurystheus asking Hercules to go and clean the King Augeas stable. Hercules knew that this job would be dirty and messy. Eurystheus also told him that he would also have to clean up after the cattle of  Augeas in one day. King Augeas have now own more part of the cattle of Greece then anyone had. Also people had also said perhaps he is the son of a God or a son of a Mortale but he was the richest man. He had own herbs like bulls, horses, and others. Hercules said if he cleans the stables

in one day he would want Agueas to give him a tenth of his fine cattle. Agueas couldn’t believe that Hercules was saying such a thing. Hercules took Agueas son to go and watch him. Hercules made two different tares in the stables in opposite sides. Hercules dug wide trenches to two rivers that flowed by and turned the course of the river into that yard. The rivers course cleaned out the stables and went into the mess has been flowed out the hole in the wall. The king would not pay Hercules his reward because  the king Augeas noticed that Eurystheus was behind the labour Hercules was doing. The king also said that he did not remember that he had never promised to give Hercule a reward. If he didn’t like it that he could take it to the judge so that they could do something about the situation. Hercules went to the court and got a judge to fight the case.The judge has ordered the king to pay Hercules for his job done. Agueas son was there to testify that his father had agreed to pay Hercules. Agueas was raged and demanded his son and Hercules to leave the kingdom right away. Agueas son went to go live with his aunt in the north country to live with his aunt. Hercules had went back to Mycenae and Eurystheus said that the labour did not count since Hercules was paid for the labour.

Artemis: The Hunter

Artemis: The Hunter

Artemis is one of the most widely important people in the ancient greek deities. Her roman name is Diana in greek her parents were Zeus and Leto  her twin brother is Apollo the  god of many skills but mostly healing. But instead of having the same thing   has her brother she is the goddess of hunting, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, and virginity. She was also the protector of young girls and healing disease of women. She is often described of carrying a bow and  arrow  her symbols were the the deer and cypress. So in the end she is different from her brother she hunts and protects people instead of healing people like her brother.

Apollo: The God with many skills

Apollo: The God with many skills

Apollo is an ideal of kouros he is the son of Zeus and Leto plus he also has a sister the chaste huntress Artemis. Apollo is also known as Apulu in other mythology, apollo is the god of many things inlcuding : god of music, truth and prophecy,healing, the sun and light,plague, poetry , and many more. Apart from Delphi apollo was an oracular god he was known also to heal people cause he was medicine also but he was also known to bring ill diseases and plagues to towns. In some origins apollo was described as a titan of the sun while his sister was the titan of the moon. In all of the this Apollo was described as a healer to all the world but could also bring death by illness and plagues.

The Olympian: Mars

The Olympian: Mars

Mars was know for the god of war and a agriculture guardian,and was a combination of characteristics of early Rome.Mars was second to importance of the military gods because Jupiter was the most important as a military god.Most of the festivals for him were held in march because that was the month named for him and also in October and which began the season for military campaigning and the end of the season for farming.Under the Greek influence mars was identified as the Greek god ares,whose myths were reinterpreted in roman literature and art under the name of mars.

Eos : Titaness and Goddess

Eos : Titaness and Goddess

Eos is the titaness and goddess of dawn, who would rise every morning from her home at the edge of oceanus. She has a brother who is Helios the god of sun and also has a sister named Selene the goddess of moon. Her parents were the titan Hyperion and Theia , Eos is mostly described has having rose around her , she would also able to open the gates of heaven, and plus she was described of having angels wings and having a crown or tiara. She was cursed by Aphrodite due to her having a relationship with the god of war Ares she cursed which resulted in eos to steal many men from their homes. She was able to give some men the power of immortality plus she had two kids which one fought in the trojan war but he was killed an image of her on her knees holding her son dead became really famous.

Atlas : The Titan God

Atlas : The Titan God

Atlas is a titan god he is the son of the titan Iapetus and Clymene. Atlas is the titan god of endurance and astronomy he was condemned to hold the sky due to him participating in the Titanomachy. Some said that atlas held the sky at the ends of the earth towards the west . Atlas had a lot of children mostly they were all daughters this included Hespersides, Hyades, Pleiades, and Calypso were atlas daughters. Him and his brother Menoetius join the titans during the war between the gods and eventually the titans lost atlas brother was sent to be imprisoned with the other titans to tartarus and atlas was giving the punishment of holding the heaven and sky for his entire life. Atlas was also involved with one of hercules labors hercules tricked atlas into getting the apples for him and making him hold the sky again because hercules was holding the sky while atlas was getting the apples.

Ares: The God of War

Ares: The God of War

The Figure of Ares

The Greek God Ares is also known as Mars in Rome.

The Wolves Romulous and Remus are said to be descendants of Ares/Mars

The Wolves Romulus and Remus are said to be descendants of Ares/Mars

In Greece, Ares was known as “The God of War.” He is important because he was considered necessary for winning military campaigns.  Athena (sometimes spelled Athene) is also considered a goddess of war and wisdom. So while Mars is considered to be the patron of blood and violence, Athene was associated with organization, strategy and planning for success. Ares represents the violent and physically untamed aspect of war. He is the most unpopular god because of his quick temper, aggressiveness, and unquenchable thirst for conflict. Ares is part of the twelve Olympians gods also known as the “Dodekatheon.”

One of the planets in our solar system is named Mars after Ares the Greek god of war. Mars is the Roman name of Ares. The planet Mars has two moons. The moons that orbit Mars are known as Phobos and Deimos. Phobos represents panic and fear while Deimos represents terror and dread. Ares is known as Mars to the Romans. Phobos and Deimos are twins. Mar’s moons Phoboas and Deimos were discovered in 1877 by Asaph Hall.